THE PALERMO PROTOCOL
The Palermo Protocol defines human trafficking as:
[…] the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.This definition is structured around three major elements:
- ACT: Human trafficking involves the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring and/or receipt of a person.
- MEANS: It can be the threat or use of force, deception, abduction, the abuse of power or a position of vulnerability, or other forms of coercion.
- PURPOSE: The purpose of human trafficking is exploitation, which can include the forced prostitution of others, forced labor, slavery or servitude.